Can A Jointly Owned Property Be Sold By One Owner?

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“If two or more persons have a home together, they’re under an agreement legally known as joint ownership. This kind of ownership is common and gives many individuals rights, responsibilities, and benefits. In the US, owning a half-share of a home is an ownership joint. There are two kinds of ownership. One is tenancy-in-common, and the other is a joint tenancy.”

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Can A Jointly Owned Property Be Sold By One Owner?

They’re similar; however, they differ regarding responsibility and rights. Rules and guidelines governing co-ownership can be complicated. Sometimes, one person might desire to dispose of the house while the other doesn’t want the identical. In this case, how do you proceed to sell your property? This guide will address that question. Can a jointly owned property be sold by one owner? First, let’s examine what constitutes joint ownership.


What Is Joint Owned Property?

More than one party owns the joint property. The two parties could be partners in business or a different group of individuals who must have property jointly. The matrimonial nature of joint asset ownership occurs when two parties are married.

Joint owners can manage their property differently, such as joint tenancy, entirety tenancy, community property, or a trust.


How Joint-Owned Property Works

As previously mentioned, a property owned jointly could be held under legal terms, for example, joint tenancy. This situation occurs when two or more people have equal rights and responsibilities for a property they share. It continues until one partner passes away.

In this case, the owner’s interest goes to the surviving family members without probate. In the case of tenancy-by-the-whole, married owners have a different option for jointly owning property. This situation, each spouse holds an equal and undiluted interest in the home.

Two kinds of jointly owned property, community property, and trust, are also distinct. One spouse can purchase the community asset (marital property) during a marriage. This type of property, like the rental unit, is legally owned by each partner.

To be tax-efficient, the spouses can each claim a portion of the income from the community’s property. Additionally, in the case of a living trust, the spouses could set up a joint option where both are trustees and grantors. They can put their individual or jointly-owned assets in these trusts. Either party can revoke the trust at any time during their lifetime. Trust at any time during their lifetime.


The Different Types of Co-Ownership

In the event of co-ownership, the owners must choose what kind of co-ownership agreement they wish to create. The two primary ways for multiple people to have a property are through tenants-in-common and joint tenancy. Regarding joint tenancy, all co-owners are equal in their stakes in the property.

In contrast, tenants-in-common co-owners own a proportionate share (designated as a percentage) in the house, which allows for unidirectional ownership rights. We will explore the two kinds of co-ownership further below.


Joint Tenancy

Each co-owner in an agreement for joint tenancy has equal, undivided rights within the house. This means co-owners own their property in a united totality, each having an equal stake. To have a joint tenancy, four unities must be present: unity of title, unification of interest, oneness of property, and unity of time.

Apart from it being the case that both joint tenants share identical rights to the property, a critical difference between joint tenancy and tenants-in-common is the right to survivorship. Suppose one joint tenant passes away in the event of a death.

In that case, the joint tenant that survives immediately becomes the property owner, regardless of what’s stipulated in the will of the deceased. Joint tenancy is one of the methods that spouses commonly utilize.



In contrast, tenancy in common is where each owner holds an equal share (written as a proportional percentage) of the land. The co-owners must decide this proportionate interest and establish it in the contract terms for co-ownership.

Unlike joint tenancy, where owners share equal interests, tenants in common usually have different interests. If a co-owner dies, they divide their ownership share according to their wishes. It doesn’t automatically transfer to the other owner like a joint tenancy.


Why do People Buy Property through Joint Ownership?

There are many reasons to buy property in joint ownership. Civil couples, spouses, and mortgage rates may join an ownership joint. Mortgage buddies are people who reside together. It’s an excellent arrangement for those looking to purchase a home but need help to buy it.

They can purchase property by pooling their funds and allowing two or more people to join. Buyers can buy more significant and desirable properties through joint ownership rather than individually. In a tenant-in-common agreement, each tenant receives their portion of the proceeds. However, each owner gets the same proportion in an agreement for joint tenancy. Therefore, can a jointly owned property be sold by only one owner?


The Benefits of Co-Ownership

If you’ve learned the meaning of a co-ownership agreement, you’re considering why you should sign one. There are a variety of situations and reasons why homebuyers decide to share ownership of their homes. For instance, you could consider a co-ownership contract when any of the following scenarios apply to you:

  • If you choose to purchase a property for investment along with your family members or your friends, residential or even vacation purposes such as a timeshare or apartment;
  • Your business associate decides to purchase a home jointly for investment or commercial reasons;
  • Following a separation or divorce, you and your spouse decide to leave your home instead of selling it.
  • You are in the process of preparing the will or the transfer of trust to several people as co-owners
  • The next generation inherits a family estate.

In addition to the situations mentioned above, there are a variety of motives why someone would opt to sign co-ownership agreements. For instance, buying a home with several individuals is cheaper than purchasing a house yourself.

It lets you pool resources and get a house you would otherwise not be able to purchase. In the same way, co-ownership can give you access to attractive neighborhoods. Certain areas could not be within your budget, but if you’re merging your budget with others and can afford a home in a growing, thriving location, that could result in higher yields.


Problems with Joint Ownership

As well as failing to stay out of the probate process, jointly owned property could create other issues. If someone sues your co-owner, it can affect you if you share property ownership. Also, a co-owner’s creditor might seize your property. If your co-owner can’t take care of the property and you can’t either, you might end up sharing ownership with the co-owner’s guardian or the courts.

If the co-owner gets married or divorced, there is a risk that the property may become involved in divorce proceedings. When you have something similar to a bank account, your co-owner may indulge in a spending spree and take the money out of the account.

Creating joint ownership may result in income or gift tax issues in certain circumstances. According to the current income tax law, generally, it’s better in tax terms for someone to be able to acquire the property in a will instead of having the property transferred to him under joint ownership over the owner’s life. Additionally, adding an owner to a property could result in gift tax liability.


Joint Ownership Problems Specific to Real Estate

In addition to the above, the very nature of real estate could create additional joint ownership issues. According to the law, real estate is an individual item that is usually unbreakable. If there is a dispute in the court, they will require selling the property instead of attempting to divide the land to solve the problem.

Suppose you’re considering establishing joint ownership of the property you own. In that case, discussing the specifics of your situation and the legal implications of joint ownership with your lawyer before proceeding is best.


Can a jointly owned property be sold by one owner in texas?

The state where the property is situated may determine whether you can force a sale. In Texas, this is possible by a court-ordered partition. This legal term describes the division of property between joint owners. The court can order either of two types:

  1. Partitioning in kind refers to the physical, actual division of the property.
  2. When partitioning in kind is not possible or fair, the court may order a property sale.

A lawsuit could lead to a large amount of expenses that are shared between all joint owners.


Tips for Selling a House with Co-Ownership

If you’ve signed the co-ownership arrangement, you may be thinking about how to proceed should you sell your house. We’ve got you covered if joint ownership property one party wants sell. Read on to learn professional tips to sell a home with selling joint ownership property.


Tips for Selling a House with Co-Ownership


Find a real estate agent to assist in the joint house sale.

The next suggestion is to engage an experienced realtor to assist you in selling your home jointly owned by you and your family. A realtor’s services are generally advised, regardless of whether one or several owners are selling a property.

If it’s co-ownership, we advise selecting a realtor with no ties to any owner. An impartial third party is typically the best choice to prevent conflict.


Know the tax consequences of selling jointly owned property

Taxes you pay when you sell a home with multiple owners will depend on the structure of ownership that was in place when you bought the property. For instance, if you sell a home with a joint tenancy, both parties are likely liable for capital gain tax. You will divide any tax due since you only own a portion of the property.

However, if co-owners file their tax returns and file separately, they’ll only have to pay tax on capital gains on their respective shares of the house.) The number of properties owned will determine the tax obligation for a tenancy in common. In general, co-owners will be liable for capital gains tax in proportion to their percentage of ownership as stated in the co-ownership agreement.


What is the best method to settle if there are Joint Property Ownership Disputes?

The best method to settle disputes is to prevent them from happening. Before co-owning a property, think about decision-making, dispute resolution, and buyout options. Also, consider what happens if someone doesn’t pay their fair share of costs.

Then, they could create a legally binding contract covering any disagreements. Consult with a seasoned real estate lawyer who can assist you in identifying the possible problems that could be encountered and suggest an appropriate solution if they occur. The lawyer may also record your agreement in writing.

If co-owners don’t have a written agreement to resolve disputes, they can buy out each other. Or they could decide to let the house go for sale and split the proceeds by the law.

If co-owners fail to solve a dispute, parties may apply to an appropriate court to determine each party’s rights and obligations. In the case of co-ownership, the process is carried out via a partition case, that is, a lawsuit where the co-owner petitions a judge for a division of the house or the proceeds of selling the property. Two types of division are available:

  • The co-owners physically divide the property among themselves.
  • The co-owners must sell the property and divide the proceeds.

Of course, if married co-owners of the property decide to divorce, law judges will determine the property issues in the divorce.


Frequently Asked Questions


Are you able to sell your share of the home with your partner?

If your co-ownership contract explicitly prohibits it, you should be able to sell all or a portion of your ownership on the land to whomever you wish to, including the co-owner. Make sure you read the terms of your co-ownership carefully or get a lawyer to read it to clarify your rights.


Who oversees the monthly maintenance of a home in the co-ownership?

It is the responsibility of the co-owners. Most co-ownership agreements define the rights and obligations of each owner. The contract should specify which co-owner is accountable for the maintenance and upkeep of the building and how the co-owners divide the monthly maintenance expenses.


Can a rental property’s co-owners split the rent that the tenant pays?

A co-ownership agreement defines the rights and obligations that each of the co-owners has. When purchasing a rental property, include rent collection, payment recipient, and jointly real estate division in the contract.

To understand how tenants split rent, check the co-ownership agreement. If navigating your agreement is difficult, you could employ a co-ownership property manager to manage the property’s operations.


Law’s Partition Attorneys Can Help

If you’re trying to terminate your co-ownership and your co-owner can’t agree, then the split action is the only way to go. With full-time partition attorneys, Attorney Real Estate Group is the leading law firm in California. Each case has led to the sale of either to an outside party or to one owner.

There has not been a single instance where a court denied our clients the ability to partition their property or declared our client an owner-less. In addition, in qualified cases, there is no charge until we win or settle your case!

If you’re seeking to resolve your disagreement over ownership, call the state’s most renowned partition court.

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